D2.1 Preliminary Operational Procedures v1.0 draft public disclaimer

This document constitutes Deliverable 2.1 Preliminary Operational Procedures of ER JU Flagship Area 5 project FP5-TRANS4M-R. The document reports results from task 2.1 Target operational procedure description. The project aims to boost innovation for the European rail freight sector, concretely by developing, validating and demonstrating FP5-TRANS4M-R technical enablers. The objective of this document is to provide the first agreed throughout Europe target operational procedures for rail freight. The procedures will define the basis for the development of the innovations for WP3-WP12. It describes the target of full automation of the freight sector, as well as a subset based on the agreed technical enablers in FP5-TRANS4M-R.

D3.1 System Requirements Specification FDFT V1.0

This document constitutes “Deliverable 3.1 System Requirements Specification FDFT” of ER JU Flagship Area 5 project FP5-TRANS4M-R. This document reports results from task 3.2 Train reference system architecture.

The objective of this document is to provide the functional system requirements based on the target operational procedures laid down in deliverable 2.1 “Preliminary Operational Procedures” of task 2.1 of ER JU FP5 TRANS4M-R. The functional system architecture will define the basis for the development of the innovations for WP5-WP12. It describes the target of full automation of the freight sector, as well as a subset based on the agreed technical enablers in FP5-TRANS4M-R.

The section Objective / Aim explains how WP3 intensively aligned the various aspects derived from the target operational procedures within the project.

At the centre of this document, are the Functional System Requirements derived from the deliverable 2.1 Preliminary Operational Procedures, describing what is necessary to operate the Fully Digital Freight Train in Europe. The functional requirements are added to the process descriptions as additional attributes, which have been kept unedited for consistency and ease of reading.

The functional requirements are followed by the Functional reference system architecture including an overview as well as the functional blocks required in FDFT traction units and FDFT wagons. To allow un-restrained innovations to be used, when designing the technical enablers in FP5-TRANS4M-R, the document focusses at the pure functional requirements, wherever possible.


D25.2 High-level specification of requirements, challenges and a future target state for freight cross-border planning and operations from an operator perspective as input for FP_1V1-2023-06-30

The aim of Deliverable D25.2 is to identify the challenges, issues, and requirements related to cross-border freight train planning and operation processes. The objective is to support the planned developments in the Flagship Projects FP1 and FP5 by defining the high-level target state and initiatives for cross-border freight train planning and operation. The methodology included gathering of input from operator experts, supported by real-life and hypothetical use cases.

In addition, the deliverable also highlights relevant projects both for FP1 and FP5 regarding cross-border planning and operations. These are Plasa I & II, Yard Coordination System, KV4.0, InGa-Z, FENIX, SIMPLE, Easy Rail Freight, Optiyard, FR8RAIL, R-CDM II and II as well as FR8HUB. For those projects, the knowledge transfer between the flagship projects will take place in the form of joint and dedicated sessions, involving the relevant experts from both FPs.

The major findings from the operator’s perspective reveal numerous challenges in cross-border train operations, including differences in path handling and cancellation between countries, diverse systems for border processes, limited transition times at border crossings, lack of a neutral IT platform for path availability, and insufficient information exchange between RUs and IMs. Language barriers, regulatory differences, and coordination challenges among multiple parties further complicate this process.

Recommendations include the need for a centralized platform or direct connected national systems for path creation and management, standardized systems and regulations across IMs, improved communication and coordination between RUs and IMs, investment in infrastructure and capacity enhancements at border stations, implementation of a monitoring system for train arrival and departure times, and harmonized planning and short-term operational processes.

The Deliverable also outlines requirements for planning and operating international train paths, such as seamless data flow, establishment of a European railway information database, harmonized processes for resource management, resource sharing among stakeholders, harmonized rules and data structures for IMs, and improved train monitoring systems.

While the findings provide valuable insights, this deliverable is limited by excluding political issues and the need for further transformation of high-level requirements into specific development needs.

In conclusion, addressing the identified challenges and implementing the recommended solutions through dedicated developments in the scope of FP1 and FP5 will contribute towards the fulfillment of the technical enablers and allow for more efficient and coordinated cross-border train planning and operation processes. This will enhance  transparency, reliability, and resource utilization, ultimately improving the overall performance of international rail transportation operations.


D25.3 Report on the basic functional and technical specifications regarding CMS as relevant input for FP3 V1.0

The present document constitutes the basic functional and technical specifications regarding CMS as relevant input for Flagship Project FP3 – IAM4RAIL. The term Condition monitoring systems (CMS) here refers to wayside monitoring systems and in particular the Intelligent Video Gate (IVG) concept developed within the Shift2Rail programme and the projects FR8HUB and FR8RAIL III. The concept is now further developed in a concept called “Standardised European Checkpoints” within Flagship Project FP5 – TRANS4M-R. As these checkpoints will also be developed within FP3 WP7, the main purpose of this deliverable is to provide FP3 basic functional and technical specifications developed previously for the concept within Shift2Rail as well as the vision for the further development of the concept within FP5. Moreover, as CMS also includes other wayside monitoring systems (WMS) than the IVG concept, previous work within Shift2Rail regarding these technologies will also be addressed in this deliverable.

The IVG concept was first described and showcased on a model train within Shift2Rail and the project FR8HUB and the full scale demonstrated within FR8RAIL III, including installation of gate in Gothenburg, Sweden for terminal purposes, while for yard purposes the gate in Nurnberg yard in Germany was used. The work will now continue within FP5 with extending the concept with further functionalities for terminals, yards and borders and to further European countries, both on a local/national and a European level.

Challenges experienced during the Shift2Rail projects regard first of all installation challenges; one should consider all the required steps i.e. finding a suitable location, contracting sub provider, obtaining all permissions for installation, purchasing components, transportation of equipment, construction, fine tuning while estimating costs and effort for each step. As for the technical challenges and the image processing, hit rates over 95% for character recognition (codes) are required i.e. ability to recognize more code types e.g. domestic ILU codes differs and are hard to recognize, as well as improved damage detection abilities. Regarding the technical challenges with data exchange, it is particularly worth considering that handling information of dangerous goods is strictly regulated.

Regarding Wayside monitoring systems based on other detection technologies, the industry is already providing sensors to monitor a large number of freight wagon conditions. However, there are still areas of freight wagons that are difficult or impossible to monitor with stationary or on-board sensors. However, it will not be possible to deploy a comprehensive condition detection solution at one time but step by step. The gradual integration of domestic and international data will also present economic, technical and legal challenges.